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About Journal Clubs
A journal club is a group of clinicians and/or medical students who meet to discuss and critically evaluate articles in the medical literature. Journal clubs have long been a part of medical education, including one that Sir William Osler founded in 1875.
The ultimate goal of a journal club is to review research and discuss implications for clinical practice.
Tips for Giving a Journal Club Presentation
A journal club presentation should mirror the structure of the article itself.
- Start with the background and definitions.
- Start with a clinical case if it is possible so you can hook the audience in and get them engaged.
- Present the case in terms of PICO!
- Provide background information on the topic and tell what the article was trying to answer.
- Define any terms that are necessary. Don't assume the audience knows what everything means.
- Review the methods.
- Discuss the study design, validity, etc.
- Is the study design appropriate for the research question?
- Can the results of the study be translated to the general population?
- Is there any bias?
- Discuss the article's internal and external validity.
- Look at the results.
- Go over the results of the paper and any figures/tables.
- Are the results statistically significant?
- Are the results clinically significant?
- Have a discussion.
- Talk about the key findings and implementing them into clinical practice.
- Ask questions of the audience:
- Are there limitations to the study?
- What are some practice implications?
- How can the results be applied?
- What additional questions does the study raise?
Prepare a short handout for the audience.
Tips for Participating in a Journal Club
- Read the article(s) prior to the meeting.
- Be prepared to discuss the article.
- How does the article apply to your practice?
- What are some limitations of the study?